Bill of Exchange

Simple is Beautiful; the only thing came in my mind when thought of documentary collection. And I think more and more people are thinking the same in these days. Documentary Collection offers us far greater security than selling on open account; but not as much as a documentary credit. We should therefore be more cautious before starting selling using this method of payment. Documentary Collection Forum is an effort to help you on this way – admin;
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Sohel Rana
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Bill of Exchange

Post by Sohel Rana » Mon May 03, 2010 12:28 am

Dear all
Please clear me following matters:
1.Why we send bill of exchange with a collection document to forwarding bank/issuing bank?
2.Is it mandatory to endorse the bill of exchange? Why or why not?

Your any logical answer is valuable for me.


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bill of exchange

Post by picant » Wed May 05, 2010 4:04 am

Hi Pal,

Bill of exchange is a mean of payment that could be transferred, negotiated, discounted etc. It could be used as a proof that you have paid your debts.
If issued at sight has a little meaning but in cse of usance, tenor etc, it could be sent , to be accepted and than discounted before maturity. The seller could advance/finance and ease its cash flow. Bill of lading must be endorsed to facilitate the identity of the holder in due course, the right holder. Banks were happy to discount bills of exchange as they could re-discounted them with Central Banks in case of necessity. Now, other means of payment, if issued transferable could represent a way to finance and refinance the holders, i.e. companies and banks. In documents against acceptance , bills of exchange are issued and remitted , via a bank, to the buyer with commercial documents, documents that will delivered against acceptance, the accepted bills will be presented at maturity for collection and paid, if unpaid, probably protested, in this case seller risks all on buyer trustworth. Accepted bills of exchange could be avalised, backed or guaranteed by banks or other company. So the seller risk will be divided on two, buyer and guarantor, better if a bank.
The use of bills of exchange in documentary credit is not useful and sometime expensive due to stamp duties.
I know that my post is not exhaustive, so, other comments appreciated.

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Post by angel » Thu Jun 12, 2014 6:56 pm

if exporter's bank didnt sent Bill of exchange Under URC522 Collection on DA/Acceptances Import Bill, in case of non payment from Drawee, what are legal steps that exporter's bank can take.

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Re: Bill of Exchange

Post by LLawrence » Fri Apr 19, 2019 2:38 am

If bill of exchange is considered to be in transaction then it MUST be in there or else it will raise the eyebrows of the banks.
The legal steps are Note>Protest>Court

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